Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a disease in which cells in one or both testicles become malignant (Cancerous).

It is not contagious and cannot spread from one person to another. This form of Cancer is relatively rare when compared with other types of cancer. Testicular cancer accounts for approximately 1 percent of all cancers in men. However, it is the most common male cancer in men between the ages of 15 and 39

The symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • Uncomfortable feeling in a testicle
  • Presence of a painless lump on a testicle – the lump can sometimes be as small as a grain of rice and feel like hard rubber
  • An enlarged or swollen testicle
  • A change in the consistency of a testicle
  • A heavy or aching feeling in the back, lower abdomen, groin, or scrotum
  • Any painless lump on a testicle that does not respond promptly to antibiotic treatment
  • If the cancer has already spread to the lungs, problems like shortness of breath, chest pain, or cough (even coughing up blood) may develop
  • In rare cases, testicular cancer spreads to the brain and can cause headaches and confusion
  • Enlargement of breasts with tenderness in cases of testicular germ cell tumours
  • In Leydig cell tumours (hormone producing cell in the testes), oestrogen-producing tumours can cause loss of sexual desire or make the male’s breasts to grow
  • Also in Leydig cell tumours, androgen-producing tumours can cause growth of facial and body hair at an abnormally early age in boys (American Cancer Society; Testicular Cancer Symptoms).

Typically, testicular cancer develops in one or both testicles in young men, but it can occur in older men as well. It is a highly treatable and usually curable type of cancer.

One of the first signs of testicular cancer is often a lump or swelling in the testes.

It is not very common for testicular cancer to spread to other organs, apart from the lungs. However, if it has, the following symptoms may be present:

  • shortness of breath (dyspnea), cough or coughing up blood (hemoptysis) from metastatic spread to the lungs
  • a lump in the neck due to metastases to the lymph nodes

Appointments

Coming To The Urology Hospital

How We Are Doing Our Part In The Fight Against COVID-19

The safety of our patients and colleagues is our number one priority. Your healthcare is important to us and we are actively working with and following guidance from the National Department of Health and the NICD (National Institute for Communicable Diseases).

Kindly note the hospital has set up a Covid-19 task team and contingency plan and we are preparing for all eventualities.

Please confirm with your Doctor if you are still able to come for your consultation. However, if you have any of the following signs and symptoms then please cancel your appointment, self-isolate and contact the centralised helpline on 0800 029 999:
• Fever
• Cough
• Shortness of Breath

To support screening for COVID-19, before entering the hospital, all prospective patients will adhere to the following:
• Complete a Travel History form
• Undergo temperature screening

Should any of the following signs or symptoms be found, you will be requested to go home, self-isolate and contact the centralised helpline on 0800 029 999:
• Flu-like symptoms (sore throat, cough or chills)
• Fever of 37.8 or above

NB: Please notify the person doing your Travel History if you’re:
• Over 70
• Have any underlying health conditions
• Are pregnant

To protect our patients and staff from the potential risk of COVID-19, we are currently restricting visiting of patients to exceptional circumstances only.

In an effort to limit the number of patients visiting The Urology Hospital Pharmacy due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we will only assist our regular retail patients.  If you have a valid repeat script at The Urology Hospital Pharmacy, please call us in advance on 012 423 4036 to make arrangements to obtain your repeat prescription. We will then prepare it for you in advance. When collecting your script bring your purple script copy or previous medicine containers with you to gain access to the hospital.

Should you need to re-arrange an appointment at the Urology Hospital please call: 012 423 4000 or your Doctor’s rooms.

We appreciate your understanding and co-operation.

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