We can learn a lot about our bodies based on the waste we excrete. Often times an uncomfortable or messy bowel movement provides insight as to something that may be wrong with your digestive tract. Painful or burning urination is typically a sign something in the urinary tract is not functioning properly. A problem more apparent in older men, dysuria (painful urination) affects tens of thousands of Americans every year with many potential causes of this uncomfortable condition. Below are 7 causes of painful urination in men.
The Common Causes of Painful Urination
Sexually Transmitted Infection
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) commonly affect the urinary tract and can cause pain or burning when urinating. The most common STIs that cause burning include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and genital herpes. Practicing safe sex and getting tested every 6 months is recommended to prevent future transmission.
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when excess bacteria build up along the urinary tract. Women are 50% more prone to contracting a urinary tract infection, however, men are still susceptible. Common symptoms include a strong, frequent urge to use the bathroom and a painful or burning sensation when urinating. Urinary tract infections are one of the most common types of infection and can typically be cured within 2 to 3 days with treatment.
An infection of the prostate, also called acute prostatitis, may have similar symptoms to that of a UTI. This is because acute prostatitis is often caused by a type of bacteria that also causes urinary tract and sexually transmitted infections. Acute prostatitis will affect about 50 percent of all men in their lifetimes and is usually treated with antibiotics.
A Kidney stone is a calcified deposit of natural material that forms in the kidneys when urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and clump together. Symptoms of kidney stones include pain during urination, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, nausea and vomiting, and persistent urge to urinate. The stones lodge themselves near the ureters where urine enters the bladder, partially blocking the flow of urine. Pain caused by kidney stones may fluctuate in intensity or come in waves.
Bladder Cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the bladder. If left untreated, these cells can damage tissues or organs and spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms of bladder cancer include the presence of blood in urine, frequent urination, painful urination, back pain, and pelvic pain. It is important to talk with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms, as painful urination often appears in later-stage bladder cancer.
Direct exposure to chemicals meant for exterior use can irritate the sensitive tissues of the human body and cause a burning sensation when urinating. Certain soaps, lotions, and cologne fragrances are a few of the common household items that may attribute to this discomfort. These sensitivities can easily be relieved by cleaning the area and by avoiding future contact.
As with many medications, unwanted side effects may occur. Prior to taking your medication, ask your doctor about possible side effects and how they may affect you. Some medications, particularly prescribed by doctors to treat bladder cancer can irritate or inflame the bladder and urinary tract. If you have recently begun taking a new medication and have noticed an increase in pain, frequency, or blood, contact your doctor immediately.